Category Archives for "DIY"

How to Petrify Wood

Petrified wood is the result of years and years of natural preservation of wood. Petrification happens when trees, plants, and remains of animals are naturally buried by ash, soil, and silt. Water from the river or a lake delivers minerals to the wood.

In time, the insides of wood are not wood anymore. This becomes the mineral that the wood was infused in. This process has created trees found in the Petrified Forest in Arizona, USA.

Petrification of wood basics

The petrification process is a natural process that can take years to happen. Petrified wood is from plant material which has been buried by sediment.

Dirt, ash and small rocks will bury wood and protect it from decay (burying will protect wood from the natural action of oxygen and organisms that decompose organic material).

Naturally, sediment will move inside felled wood and groundwater will also penetrate wood as well. Groundwater is rich in dissolved solids and this replaces the original material found in the plant. Solids like silica, pyrite, calcite and other material penetrate wood and change its internal makeup and structure.

After years of being exposed to these elements, wood becomes fossilized of the original tree. The bark, the grain and the cellular structure of wood will be completely preserved and petrified.

How long does wood become petrified?

Petrification can happen for millions of years. The most popular petrified wood forest is the Petrified Forest in Arizona, USA. This forest is from fallen trees that become washed down in a river or have fallen into a lake. Wood becomes buried under layers of mud from the ash from volcanoes and other materials.

Under the layers of material, there is wood that is deprived of oxygen, the necessary ingredient for decay. The wood’s tissues start to break down over time; the resulting open sections become filled with minerals like silica.

It can take millions of years for petrified wood to form and this is mostly due to the minerals that settle inside the crevices of wood. These crystallize to create a stone-like material which now known as petrified wood.

The natural action of sedimentation and penetration of minerals is slow but this is an efficient process that cannot be rushed. Wood (some say that it’s not correct to call wood “wood” at this point anymore) becomes mineralized wood which is as strong as a rock.

Things used to petrify wood

  • Wood in log or board form
  • Silica-rich groundwater
  • Mud and ash

Ways to petrify wood

The first method to petrify wood is the most basic one that can take millions of years. The other method is simpler, faster but is not ideally the most recognized petrification process. Both techniques use volcanic ash which is crucial in the petrification process since volcanic ash contains silica as it decomposes and this effectively preserves and petrifies wood.

Natural petrification/silification (taking millions of years)


In the first process, wood grows in a hot, silica-rich environment that is conducive for wood petrification. The molecules found in wood decompose and this is carried away by ground water.

Replacing these natural components are silica and other minerals that are very heavy and will settle deep into the wood. The silica deposits, as well as other minerals, are responsible for the different colors in the wood. After millions of years, the result is wood that can be polished, worthy as a display.

The first process is also known as silification which defines the natural process when silica enters the many voids in wood. As silification happens, organic material will be removed completely from the wood. Most of the petrified trees in the Petrified Forest of Arizona were created using this process.

Infiltration of silica-rich water (takes only years to happen)


The second technique is faster and experts say that the results are comparable to the natural petrification process. This uses complete infiltration of the wood by silica-rich water.

The silica or calcite, or a combination of both will infiltrate the pores of the wood and this stops the complete decomposition of wood. In this second technique, individual cells will also be well preserved while the tree ring patterns may still be seen. The petrified trees in Yellowstone Park were made using this process.


Petrified wood is made by millions of years, of natural decomposition of wood and a process known as silification. Silica-rich groundwater moves into the many voids in wood to preserve and petrify it. And after many years of silification, wood emerges petrified, colored and stronger.

How To Make Wood Paneling Look Like Drywall

Are you sick of the bitterly nostalgic looks of the wood paneling in your house?

Do you want to learn how to make wood paneling look like drywall?

You are at the right place! We have compiled a step by step guide to making the old paneling look like brand new drywall.

Plus, the instructions we are sharing below are beginner-friendly. Nevertheless, by refreshing the outdated wood paneling yourself, you will also save money.

And as DIYers, we know that a dollar saved is a dollar spent on something we love. We’re ready to dive in! And what about you? Keep reading and let’s get down to work.

What You Will Need To Follow This Tutorial

  • Spackling compound
  • Dust mask
  • Fine-grit sandpaper
  • Putty knife
  • Paint tray
  • Primer
  • Paint roller
  • Drop cloth
  • Latex paint

Step By Step Instructions For Making Wood Paneling Look Like Drywall

Step 1 – Prepare the room for the wood paneling makeover and start filling the seams

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Use a drop cloth to protect the floors. Remove any furniture close to the wood paneling or cover it with plastic sheets. Start filling the seams with spackling compound. Spread the compound evenly using a putty knife. Strive for piling up the spackling compound as it will flatten a bit while drying out.

Step 2 – Repeat the process of filling the seams if needed

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Once the drying time has passed, according to the instructions on the label of the spackling compound, proceed with sanding the surface. Use fine-grit sandpaper and once done, check out for any imperfections. You want a perfectly smooth surface. Thus, you may need to apply another coat of spackling compound and repeat the process of sanding.

Step 3 – Apply a primer, wait until it is dry, and finish with latex paint

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Pour the primer into a painting tray and apply it using a paint roller. As you are making your way through, check out if the seams are covered completely. In the case you notice any uneven patches, you can refill the seams again with the spackling compound and add another layer of primer.

Finish the makeover by adding 2 coats of high-quality latex paint. Make sure you allow the first coat time to dry before applying the last one.

Finally, after you have read this tutorial, we hope that you know how to make wood paneling look like drywall without much of a fuss. This is a fairly simple task to accomplish. Just make sure you follow each step and don’t be afraid of the possible trials and errors.

The spackling compound may take longer to dry than what you expected or you may need to put some extra effort into sanding the wood paneling than what you imagined.

However, all is well when it ends well, right? If you find this article useful, help us spread the good vibes and the practical guidelines with more DIYers by sharing and liking this content.

Don’t hesitate to let us know what you think in the comment section below.

How To Join Wood Planks for Table Top

If you want to create a tabletop from narrow wood planks, the planks are typically glued together through lamination. Most glues are not strong enough for holding the wood planks together indefinitely.

In this article, let’s find out more on how to join wood planks for a tabletop.

Woodworkers often add reinforcement such as dowels or biscuits (football-shaped wood chips). It is nice to invest in precision tools required for the installation of biscuits or dowels, or you can resort to a simpler and easier alternative, like gluing and screwing cleats to the tabletop’s underside which can double as a substructure so additional legs are added.

What You’ll Need to Follow This Tutorial

The important things you will need to join wood planks for tabletop include carpenter’s square, table saw, drill, 1 and 1/4-inch screws, workbench, 3 bar clamps, carpenter’s glue, damp rag, pencil, and No. 2 Phillips bit.

Step-by-step Guide to Joining Wood Planks for Tabletop

Step #1

Using a table saw, run the boards to be laminated together to square the edges. Put a new blade on the saw then square it using a carpenter’s square so you can get the cleanest edges.

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Step #2

Line the planks up side by side on a clean and flat surface like a workbench. You can arrange them with the grain on alternating wood planks running in opposite directions. Turn the boards over with the good sides facing down.

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Step #3

Spread a carpenter’s glue on the board that forms each joint on one edge. After gluing the joints together, you have to push the boards together and then hold them together using bar clamps. At least 3 clamps should be used and place, one on each assembly’s end and one clamp in the middle. Put wood scraps between the clamps stops and the outer board’s edges to prevent the clamps from wood dents. Wiping the excess glue from the wood joints with a damp, clean rag before it dries is done, then let the planks sit overnight. The clamps are removed but do not move the assembly.

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Step #4

Rip 3 pieces of 1 X 2 inches pine on a table saw, using the cleats for holding the tabletop together. After which, you have to cut the cleats shorter (2 inches) than the tabletop’s width. Arrange them in the same places the clamps are put, one in the middle and one at either end.

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Step #5

The cleats are squared using a carpenter’s square so they run parallel to the tabletop ends, and mark the positions using a pencil. Drilling 1/4-inch pilot holes on each one to allow two 1 1/4-inch screws driven into each plank forming the tabletop.

Each cleat is removed, spread the glue on the underside, and put it back then align it with the marks. The next step is driving a 1 1/4-inch screw into every pilot hole. Allow the glue to dry for several days before you move the tabletop.

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Tips and Tricks

  1. Using a jointer instead of a table saw for squaring the edges of the planks does a better job.
  2. Before laminating, square the boards and discard any warped boards.
  3. If you are planning to create a 10 feet tabletop using 3 ¾-inch thick by 10-inch wide oak boards, you can attach the top of the table to the base by using a simple butt joint. Make sure that the edges are flat, straight, and smooth. Make a good cut if you have a fine blade.
  4. There should be no slight angle deviation when you’re cleaning the wood edge using a table saw. The first piece is cut on the blade’s right side and the adjoining piece is cut on the left side for a perfect fit.

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Other Alternative Wood Joinery Methods

  1. Finger joints to put two planks together from end to end.
  2. Dado or rabbit to mount a fixed shelf in the frame of the cabinet.
  3. For drawer boxes, use box joint.
  4. Splines and biscuit joinery to make one wide plank from 2 narrow ones.
  5. To build door frames, use mortise and tenon.
  6. To make drawer fonts, use rail and style.
  7. For face frames, use half lap.

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There are many ways to join wood planks for a tabletop. You can use dowels, biscuits, or tongue in a groove for proper alignment as well as improve glue strength. Modern adhesives are strong enough to glue the edges of the boards together. Do you find this post useful and helpful? Leave your comment and share this post now!

How To Edge Join Boards With Kreg Jig

You can use a pocket hole jig for many purposes. One useful thing you can do with Kreg jig is joining boards edge to edge. Many woodworkers are edge joining boards using a Kreg Jig in creating tabletops and other flat surfaces woodwork projects.

In this article, you will learn how to edge join boards with Kreg Jig.

What You’ll Need to Follow This Tutorial

You will need a Kreg jig and the wood you’ll be working on. The traditional methods used for edge joining boards include using a wood glue, and biscuit and plate joining.

A simple way is to use glue to the board’s edge and then clamp them together to dry. However, this method is time-consuming and you need several clamps for holding the boards.

Also, clean up is critical and boards can shift without notice. On the other hand, biscuit joining comes with some advantages. It is easy and quick to use and the boards are easily aligned depending on the depth setting of the tool.

However, it may not create a strong joint and it requires to insert materials and plate joining tool.

Step-by-step Guide to Edge Joining Boards Using Kreg Jig

You can accomplish the same results of traditional methods using Kreg Jig. However, is simpler and more straightforward. The 3 components to join boards using a pocket hole tool include drill or driver, drill bit and screws, and pocket hole jig.

Step #1

First, you need to set the Kreg jig to the right setting depending on the thickness of the board.

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Step #2

Drill the holes by using the bit included with the jig. Drill the holes into the side of the board to butt against the other board. Just drill holes in one board.

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Step #3

The boards are together by choosing the right screw and driving them in the hole. Remember that the pocket holes may need special screws. It helps to clamp the boards together. Unlike traditional methods, no waiting for any glue to dry.

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What is Kreg Joinery?

Kreg Joinery helps woodworkers of varying skill levels to build projects stronger, a lot faster, and better. You can find all of the pocket-hole jigs, hardware, and machine online so you can complete high-quality projects easier and faster.

It is incredibly fast, simple, and a strong way of joining wood which involves drilling a hole at an angle of one piece, and joining it to the second piece using self-tapping screws.

The Kreg Joinery technique is really revolutionary because once you are finished assembling, there is no need to leave the joint clamped up for hours, and glue is optional. You don’t have to deal with frustrating alignment.

It is a perfect wood joinery method for different applications such as face-frames, panel joints, edgebanding, and complex curves. Build with more confidence with Kreg Jig with endless possibilities.

It’s no surprise why modern woodworkers are using Kreg Joinery and Kreg Jigs to achieve their best woodwork project results.


A pocket hole jig or Kreg jig can be used for different purposes, and one of these is edge joining boards. Any woodworker may encounter a situation wherein they need to join boards edge to edge. It works great for joining boards edge to edge. You can do more woodwork projects in the future. We hope you enjoyed learning! Share and leave a comment below!

How to Get Cat Pee Out of Wood

Want to learn how to get cat pee out of wood? Then you’re going to find this article very helpful. Cat pee smells strong at very unpleasant. It ruins the atmosphere and can make your home unattractive. This is why you need to learn how to effectively get rid of these unpleasant odors.

Getting rid of cat pee out of wood can be quite tricky if you don’t do your research. Fortunately, you came to the right place and it is our aim to give you easy to follow steps and instructions on how to get rid of cat pee out of wood.

But before we proceed with the process, let us first check the materials needed.

Materials Needed

  • Oil soap
  • Warm water
  • Soft and clean cloth
  • Vinegar
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Baking soda
  • Sandpaper
  • Paintbrush

The Process

Step #1

Before you start getting cat pee out of wood, it is important that you check all the materials first. You also need to make sure that you check what kind of wood you are about to clean.

Some woods are sensitive to certain kinds of chemicals or solutions and so you need to make sure that you choose those chemicals that are safe and won’t harm the quality of the wood.

After gathering all your materials, the next thing that you need to do is to mix the oil soap and the warm water. Make sure that you dry the area thoroughly using a soft and clean cloth that won’t damage the quality of your wood items or furniture.

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Step #2

If the cat pee odor still remains, then the best thing that you can do is to use vinegar solutions. Vinegar is known to effectively get rid of pee or urine odors. If the soap and water are not enough to get rid of the pee odors, then it is best that you start using vinegar.

What you need to do is to mix 1 part of vinegar and 1 part of warm water. Place it on a mister or sprayer and add some dishwashing liquid. Apply the vinegar solution to the area where your cat has urinated. It is important that you use a soft cloth to spread the solution and then allow it to dry.

After the vinegar has dried out, you will then rinse it with water and dry clean cloth. There are also individuals who are using 3% hydrogen peroxide with water instead of vinegar.

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Step #3

Using baking soda over the pee area is also effective. Make sure that you leave the baking soda on the wood for at least 3 hours to absorb the unpleasant odor of pee and then scrub afterwards. You can repeat this procedure over and over again until the pee odor is completely removed from the wood.

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Step #4

Also, if you have a cat pee odor removal kit, then it is best that you use it. You can easily find these products on your local pet stores. You can also buy them online. When searching for pet-odor removal kit, it is essential that you only choose those that have safe ingredients.

You don’t want to apply pet-odor removal kit to your wood that is strong and contains harmful chemicals. Resealing the wood is also a good idea of getting rid of pee on wood. You can sand the wood and refinish it after you have removed the unpleasant pee odor.

Of course, you need to consider what kind of wood you have and what kind of sandpaper you are going to use. You have to be extra careful when using sandpaper on your wood since it is possible that too much sanding can ruin the overall beauty of your item or furniture.

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By following these guidelines, getting rid of pee out of wood should become an easy task. There is no need for you to worry about whether or not you are going to get rid of the unpleasant odor.

These guidelines are not only effective but they are also safe for you, your family, and your pet cat. Again, when purchasing or using a certain chemical, you always need to make sure that you consider the health of your family and your pet first.

You don’t want to get cat pee out of wood using harmful or dangerous chemicals or solutions.

How To Make a Wood Table Top Smooth

It is tricky to finish a tabletop is tricky, most especially if you’re dealing with a big table. It requires skill and knowledge to coat an entire wood surface before the finish will become too sticky.

In this article, you’ll learn how to make a wood tabletop smooth.

What You’ll Need to Follow This Tutorial

The things you will need to make a wood tabletop smooth include a mop, screwdriver, screws, orbital sander, sandpaper, brush or roller, and desired coat or finish.

Remember that oil-based poly becomes too sticky to work with after 5 to 10 minutes. Also, water-based poly even dries faster, that’s why all your supplies should be ready before you start.

Step-by-step Guide to Make a Wood Table Top Smooth

Step #1

Tenting the work area is a must because trusses and rafters are endless sources of falling dust. Hanging plastic above at least 12 inches from the light fixtures is essential if you are working in an open ceiling.

Also, if you add plastic walls, cleaning up the area is a lot easier. If you are using an oil-based finish, you need to hang the sheets a foot from the floor for proper ventilation. The floor is dampened using a mop or a spray bottle to prevent kicking the dust-up as you walk.

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Step #2

Propping up the tabletop is the next step by setting the top on screws for the edges to easily finish. Disassemble the table and remove the legs so you can move easier and for the legs to finish easier. Remove each leg that’s simple like unscrewing a nut.

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Step #3

When sanding, use a brush attachment to remove 99% of the sanding dust. After you vacuum, wipe the surface using a tack cloth if you’re planning to use an oil-based stain or coating.

If you will use a water-based finish, use a lint-free rag that’s dampened with mineral spirits. Using a random orbital sander is best for most sanding.

Doing a 5-minute final sanding manually should also be done using the same sandpaper grit, to remove torn wood fibers and swirls left by the orbit sander. Avoid oversanding.

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Step #4

Resanding stained wood is tedious, so to avoid blotches when staining the most common wood such as pine, cherry, birch, and maple, applying a pre-stain conditioner is important to absorb stain evenly.

Before staining, find the flaws and use a low-angle light to inspect the sanding work. You can reveal the problems by wiping mineral spirits.

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Step #5

Finishing a tabletop. First, you need to build up gloss poly coats for a shiny look. For a less sheen, you can dull the finish through wet sanding or wipe a couple of satin coat or semi-gloss coat. Rolling on an oil-based poly is easier and faster.

Don’t worry about the bubbles because they disappear in minutes, thus the surface is smoother than what you can achieve using a brush.

Apply lighter coats to minimize the flaws like ridges and humps.

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Step #6

Before applying the final coats, wet-sand by loading a sanding block with a paper in 600-grit, dribbling on some soapy water then rubbing the finish smooth.

After which, wipe the table dry, check for flaws and then rub some more. Do not stop until you have achieved perfection. You can smooth shaped the edges using a synthetic steel wool.

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Step #7

Sand in between coats through manual sanding using pads or paper to resists clogging with 320-grit. When white residues appear, wet-sand as the table dries.

Using a grain filler for finishing touches is important for a perfectly smooth surface. Apply it by wiping the filler, squeezing off any excess with a plastic putty knife and sanding after it is dry for a smoother surface.

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Step #8

Coating the underside is important to prevent swelling or shrinking due to humidity changes. Apply at least 3 coats for a thicker layer of protection.

Don’t use a polish or wax for routine cleaning your tabletop. Only use a damp cloth because applying a fresh coat won’t stick.

Finally, seal the end grain.

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You can achieve a smooth tabletop by sanding the surface evenly using the same grit all throughout. Also, preparing everything you need is important because staining the tabletop easily becomes sticky. Never apply wax or polish when routinely cleaning your tabletop for a fresh coat to stick. Do you find this post useful and helpful? Leave your comment and share this post now!

How To Bend Wood With Water

Wood is the oldest and one of the favorite building materials. In fact, wood has remained popular even in the 21st Century. Many beginners are trying to find information on how to bend wood with water.

Several methods of bending wood were discovered. However, the most economical and popular way is using water through steam or hot water.

Let’s explore this wood bending method using water, the proper requirements, and techniques.

Choosing the Right Wood for Water Bending

Exotic wood pieces are not the best selection for bending because they tend to break easily because of its cellular structure. Also, softwoods aren’t recommended and should be avoided.

The common household hardwoods are considered the best candidates for bending with very impressive success rates because the moisture content is 25% and above.

The innate capability of a solid wood to bend provides carpentry and woodworking projects both a structural or mechanical advantage and an aesthetic appeal.

It is referred to as ‘bending wood using water” because of the water in gaseous form. It is used in weakening the wood lignin bonds effectively to plasticize the wood.

Things You’ll Need

  • Steam Generating Contraption
    • The steam generating contraption size differs between volumes depending on the wood plank size, which is slightly higher as compared to a standard kettle and commercially-sized steam generators.
  • Set of Clamps
    • These are useful to hold the wood together during bending. More so if you are actually dealing with bending multiple wood planks.
  • Bending Table
    • A bending table enables wood bending in different shapes like U-bends, S-shaped bends, simple curve and 90° bends among others.
  • Cutting Tool
  • Wood Router
  • Drilling Tool
  • Wood Glue

Step-by-step Guide to Bend Wood in Water

Step #1: The wood planks are placed in a holding and steam-generating container.

The pressure release mechanism avoids a risky buildup. The pressurized steam has a wood drying effect.

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Step #2: Leave the wood to soak in the hot steam for an hour.

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Step #3: Remove the hot wood planks carefully and align them properly in order.

Tightly clamp the wood planks together and make sure that they are well positioned and also secured to prevent surprises.

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Step #4: Place the wood plank on the bending table after the clamping bit.

Carefully and gradually bend the wood with the use of extra clamps to hold the shape of the wood. Do not rush the wood bending process because mistakes may occur. The process is pretty similar and simpler to single wood pieces.

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Step #5: Check the wood alignment for any errors and correct them appropriately.

Keep in mind that as the wood cools, its shape will eventually settle and hold, so it’s crucial to pay attention to the actual wood bending. You can use a holding bracket if you need to bend more than one wood plank for the wood planks to bend in the same direction.

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Step #6: After the wood is bent, allow the wood plank to sit for an hour or two.

As the wood loses heat, the lignin obtains a new form or shape.

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Safety Precautions When Bending Wood in Water

  1. It is important to be extra careful whenever you are working with steam and boiling water because of the risk of injury through scalding is very high. There should be no circumstance when the steam generator is allowed to build up the pressure. Keep in mind that a pressurized steam has a temperature that is higher as compared to the water boiling point.
  2. When you’re handling steamed wood, you need to use heavy-duty gloves. Your hands can suffer from injury if you manipulate the wood bare-handed.


Wood has a beautiful texture, unique grains, and an appealing appearance. Easy manipulation of wood into various structures and shapes is a big advantage. Bending wood is gains permanent results. The use of water to bend wood is the easiest and one of the most cost-effective means available. Do you find this article very helpful? You can like and share this with your friends and family, and leave a comment below. Good luck with your next woodworking project!

How to Carve a Wood Spirit

Wood spirits are the ones that are believed to rule the forest. They are said it be very elusive and are also rarely seen. If you walk in the forest though, some people will be able to feel the presence. This can happen especially during the night.

The wood spirit is a preceptor of goodwill but can always pour out its wrath on people that have black hearts. An individual who has a good heart though will get the chance to see them.

Once you are able to see a wood support then you will be blessed with good fortune and happiness. If you want to see a wood spirit though, you can always make your own and carve it on wood. If you want to know how then read on this article.

What you need

  • Your desired wood
  • Hatchet
  • Pencil
  • High-quality chisel
  • Mallet
  • V-carving tool
  • Wood stain or paint

How to Prepare the wood

You can always choose to use wood that you can find anywhere and bring it home or you can always buy one. You need to start by removing the loose stringy remnants of the bark. Once you will do this one then you will see the white sapwood that can be filled with insect holes.

Some carvers do want to keep theses house as they will add to the overall look. You can use a sharp hatchet to remove the softer sapwood. If you have any tools that can do a better job then you can opt to use it as well.

Once you are able to remove the sapwood then what will remain is a solid wood where you can start carving your own wood spirit. You need to see to it that you will be familiar with the wood that you are working on before you start carving.

Remember that every wood is always different from one another as it will have its own features and qualities. You have to use the qualities that they have to your advantage.

Carving your wood spirit

Step #1

The first thing that you need to do is to draw the brow and approximate the hairline. This one will function as your general guide regardless if there will be a slight movement on your carving in the latter part. You also need to mark the brow and the nice. You can also start to make cuts on the nose.

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Step #2

From the position of the brow and the bottom of the nose, you can now slowly develop the face. There are people that can do this without a pattern but if you are still starting out then having one can greatly help. If you are familiar with the features of the face then carving one in the wood will always come naturally.

You should do some practice though once you are still not familiar with it or you can always use a pattern. If you are working on a large wood then you also will need high-quality chisels and mallet.

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Step #3

When you are roughing out the wood spirit using your tools, you always need to step back and look at ever progress that you are making. This will help you determine if everything is going as planned. You can also make adjustments ahead of time once you will be checking in your press once in a while.

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Step #4

Once you are able to establish the basic profile then you can now add the details. Do the details on the eyes and the nose. You can start to carve the details using a V-tool. You need to remember nit to make straight cuts using this tool.

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Doing the finishing touches

Once you are already satisfied with the outcome of your carving then it is now time to do the final touches. You can apply paint, stain or simply use a clear coat to seal your work. Some individuals do love to use paint since they will be able to add more details with the help of different colors.


Woodcarving is always considered to be an art. You are able to create beautiful pieces like a wood spirit by just using a piece of wood and a little creativity as well as patience. Knowing the absence of woodcarving will not only let you create wood spirits but other works of art as well.

How To Apply Polyurethane To Wood

Polyurethane is a wonderful choice when it comes to accentuating the beauty of wood surfaces in the best way. Whether you go for oil based or water based polyurethane is a matter of personal preferences.

What’s important, though, is to know how to apply polyurethane to wood precisely to avoid strokes but also to increase the durability of the finish.

Below, we’re sharing the easiest steps to master the process like a pro and make sure the wood you are working with gets the stunning visual appeal you are looking for.

Are you ready? Let’s dive in!

What You Will Need To Apply Polyurethane Successfully

1) Suitable Polyurethane Variety

Are you going to opt for an oil based or water based polyurethane? Both of these have their pros and cons so it is up to you to decide which will suit you better.

As a starting point, think about the final results. Oil based polyurethane delivers an amber gold tint to the wood. On the other hand, water-based polyurethane will only make up for a natural, barely there accent on the wood surface.

Nevertheless, consider the benefits of spray-on or wipe-on polyurethane formulas. Brushing on polyurethane is the best way to cover large areas. However, small surfaces and/or tiny details can be accomplished easier with the use of spray-on and wipe-on pads of polyurethane products.

2) A quality brush

You can go for a synthetic or natural brush with the same success upon application. A foam brush is also welcome. Just make sure you stay away from low-quality brushes because this will end up causing ugly strokes on the wood surface.

3) Sandpaper/ Sander

You will need to utilize sandpaper continuously throughout the process of polyurethane application. You need both fine grits, as well as coarse-grit sandpaper.

A Quick Pro Tip

Ensure a well-ventilated environment

Don’t underestimate the importance of proper ventilation and working in a controlled, protected environment. Outdoor setups should be avoided at any cost or your polyurethane wood masterpiece can become a failure due to dust, dirt, sudden or inappropriate weather. Ventilating the working space should be done prior to applying polyurethane.

Step By Step Tutorial On Applying Polyurethane To Wood Surfaces

Step 1: Prep the wood and start applying polyurethane with controlled, long strokes.

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Use coarse-grit sandpaper to clean the wood precisely before adding the first layer of polyurethane. It is best to opt for coarse-grit sandpaper at the start. Remove any traces of dirt, grime, sand or tiny particles left behind before you begin coating the wood with polyurethane.

Before you even dip the brush in polyurethane, it’s important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions indicating the best way to mix the concoction before getting started. Next, dip the brush and remove the excess quantity. Proceed with long strokes which follow the grain of the wood. Do not apply too much pressure.

Step 2: Let the coat of polyurethane dry out and sand once again.

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Water based and oil based polyurethane require a different amount of time to dry out. Thus, it is essential that you stick to the instructions available on the label of the polyurethane variety you have chosen.

Once the first coat has dried out completely, you can proceed with sanding the surface of the wood. Sanding the wood is a continuous practice throughout the entire application of polyurethane. It helps to avoid rough patches and makes up for a smooth, even surface.

Ultimately, you will want to keep repeating the process of layering a coat of polyurethane and sanding the surface of the wood until you achieve the results you are aiming for. You will need at least 2 basic coats of polyurethane. The more you keep layering precisely, the better finish and durability you can enjoy at the end.

When I was just getting started to work with polyurethane and wood I felt very lost. After some trials and errors, though, I realized that polyurethane is an easy material to work with as long as you don’t underestimate the process.

What are your impressions of opting for polyurethane when it comes to finishing wood? We’ll be happy to have your tips and tricks in the comment section below. By liking and sharing this content you will also help us reach out to more of our fellows DIYers.

How to Dry Wood Without Splitting

Drying wood, whether, for woodworking, construction or carving has amazing benefits to wood. However, because you will be using wood for delicate purposes you don’t just dry it but you also need to keep the wood from splitting.

Splits are usually due to over-drying. This guide will help you dry wood minus splitting for any woodworking project.

Drying wood basics

Wood loses moisture faster from its ends rather than its sides. Once the wood is cut and processed, you can never stop it from losing moisture and this can lead to splitting and breaking if you are not careful.

There are ways to prevent splitting and slow drying enough to prevent splits and cracks. The trick is to seal the ends of the boards before the wood is dried.

Things you’ll need

  • Aluminum paint
  • Spar Varnish
  • 2 plastic buckets
  • White wood glue
  • 2 disposable 2-inch paintbrushes
  • Rubber gloves


Step #1

Combine equal parts aluminum paint and spar varnish in a plastic bucket. This would be enough to seal the end grains of large slabs or logs. Coat all the ends at the same time. If you cover only a part of the wood and then do the other part next time, this can result in an even dry rate.


Step #2

Paint the solution on the ends of the large lumber or logs using a 2-inch brush. Use rubber gloves to prevent aluminum paint from getting on your hands. Cover the ends completely. If the solution soaks into the end grain, keep adding more paint. Use two coats at least on each end.


Step #3

For smaller ends of boards and small pieces of wood, mix a solution of equal parts white wood glue and warm water in a plastic bucket. This will soak into the ends a lot more, so apply a lot or better yet, dip the ends into the bucket. You may use a clean 2-inch disposable brush into the glue solution. Paint each end; keep painting until the solution stops soaking in.


Periodically check if the wood is dry

Radial checking

A thorough check of the body of the wood would determine if it has been dried well. Look for cracks that radiate out from the heartwood to the sapwood. You must do radial checking while air drying and using other methods to prevent over-drying which could result in cracking and splitting.

Check for color

The color of the wood can help determine if it has been efficiently dried. Wood fades and darkens as it seasons, changing its color from white to yellow or gray. Different species have different colors but it’s easy to say that wood with a brightly colored surface is still green.

Check for loose bark

As wood starts to dry up, its bark starts separate from the body of the wood and then cracks then separates completely. If the bark is still attached to the wood, use a sharp knife and peel it. If the cambrium is green then it is not yet well-seasoned. Check for overdrying signs from the bark itself.

Check for well-seasoned sound

Take two pieces of wood and bang these together. Dry wood sounds hollow while wood with moisture will sound dull. Periodically check this to ensure that wood is not too dry and will not split.

Check for the weight of wood

Because moisture has been removed, seasoned wood will weigh lesser than green wood of the same type and size. As soon as wood starts to weigh lighter, you must check for any signs of overdrying and splitting.

Purchase a handy moisture meter to help you monitor the moisture levels of wood in a more efficient manner. These are very easy to use and are mostly electronic and will work on all types of wood. This is a good investment if you work with wood or work on many projects made from wood.


Wood can take a very long time to season and how long it takes is an ongoing debate in woodworking groups. To prevent splitting, cover the end grain to avoid excessive drying. Season wood depending on its species and always check signs of wood drying on a regular manner to monitor wood closely.

How To Attach Bottle Caps To Wood

Once you discover the joy of crafting beautiful items for cheap with your own hands, it’s impossible not to get excited about more experiments! Plus, reusing various materials is environmental-friendly.

So what about those bottle caps left behind?

We will show you how to attach bottle caps to wood and create a piece of art from scratch. Wondering if you will need any special skills and/or complex tools to get started? The answer is NO.

Just equip yourself with a healthy dose of enthusiasm and positive vibes, and let’s get down to the fun part, shall we?

What You Will Need to Follow this Tutorial

  • A Glue Gun
  • Epoxy

1 – Attaching Bottle Caps to Wood With a Glue Gun

Utilizing a glue gun for attaching bottle caps to wood is one of the easiest methods you can try out.

Why? Because it’s fast and cheap. But before you get started, we will share a few Pro Tips with you.

Quick Pro Tips For Working With a Glue Gun

Tip #1 – Use Protection Gloves

As obvious as it may seem, underestimating the risks of getting burnt while working with a glue gun is a common practice. Just use protection gloves and enjoy the process with no fuss or stress involved.

Tip #2 – Shape The Design Before You Get Down To Work

Let’s say you want to create a fish out of bottle caps attached to whatever piece of wood you want to utilize for this purpose.

Before starting to work with the glue gun, take the time to arrange the bottle caps in the exact shape you wish to achieve. Afterward, it will be so much easier to stick to the design!

Bonus Tip: use a template if needed.

Tip #3 – Avoid Unpleasant Marks Left Behind

Even though an easy and pleasant method to apply, opting for a glue gun when attaching bottle caps to wood requires both patience and precision. Otherwise, you may end up disappointed by the marks left behind from the excessive glue.

For best results, take a deep breath and skip the hurry.

2 – Bottle Caps and Wood Attaching with Epoxy

The benefits of opting for Epoxy include not having to worry about eventually burning your fingers. Plus, no traces will be left behind once you finish attaching the bottle caps but only a clear, mirror-like surface.

1 – The Glue Gun + Bottle Caps Method

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First, shape the design you are aiming for by placing the bottle caps on the wooden surface. Secondly, turn on the glue gun and wait until it’s ready to get down to work. Put on your protection gloves and let the party begin. Last but not least, be quick but precise.

2 – The Epoxy + Bottle Caps Method

Image Credit: Pinterest

Step 1: Mix a batch of epoxy and paint and proceed with arranging the bottle caps

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You only need enough mixture as to cover the wood surface and act as a seal coat. Put a good amount of epoxy on the brush while creating the seal coat to help the bottle caps stick well.

After applying the seal coat, start placing the bottle caps immediately. Press each one gently. Leave for at least 24 hours to harden.

Once the seal coat has hardened, mix the Epoxy flood coat which will serve to create the mirror-like surface effect we mentioned above. Mix it straight before pouring it over the bottle caps. Do not mix it ahead of time at any cost.

Step 2: Even the surface

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Pour the Epoxy flood coat evenly, making sure all bottle caps are well-covered. Now, pop air bubbles with a Heat Gun or Plumber Torch. You need to be ready with air bubbles popping within no more than 15 minutes.

Allow the surface to cure for 72 hours and you’re all set and done!

I can’t wait to finish my new bottle caps creation and surprise my friends. After all, DIY gifts are so much more personal than anything you can find already available in the stores. And how about you?

Did you like the article? Join us in the comment section below and don’t forget to share this piece with other DIY enthusiasts. Let’s make DIY crafting as accessible and social as possible.

How to Carve Wood By Hand

If you are considering to do woodcarving then you need to understand the four general styles that it has. These styles will differ on the style, technique, and tools that will be used.

In order to know the right technique and tools that you should use then you also need to decide which one you want to master. Once you will choose to carve by hand then you need to know that it will involve different techniques and tools. These things are needed in order to turn the raw material into a piece of art.

Carving by hand will need traditional tools like chisels, knives, gouges, hammers, and many more. It will also need skills in painting, sanding and other methods in order to finish the project.

Materials needed

  • Pencil
  • V-gouge carving tool
  • U-gouge carving tool
  • Bench knife
  • High-quality chisel

Step-By-Step Instructions

Step #1

Once you will choose to do woodcarving then you will need to have the right tools and learn the various techniques involved. Once you will know the different techniques and tools needed then you will also need to practice so that you are able to hone your skills.

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Step #2

One of the important things that you need to consider is to have sharp tools. With a sharp tool then a woodcarver will be able to cut clean even against the grain. A sharp tool is also the one that is safer to use. This is true especially if you will need to exert more force on what you are going.

Another thing that you also need to consider is the use of softwoods. This will enable you to do the basic techniques without putting too much strain on yourself. You also need to know the mechanics of the wood that you are working on.

You need to look at the grain of the wood and understand how it can help you. It is also imported to know how to draw a little bit so that you can also create your very own design. You can sell the work that you have once you are able to create original designs.

Image credit: The Woodcarver’s Cabin

Step #3

You will be able to see many different ways for new woodcarvers to start their craft. One of the most popular techniques that new wood carvers are doing is the chip carving.

It is the fastest and easiest way for one to be able to create a beautiful piece. This one also helps in honing your skills in wood carving. Chip carving can be done in order to decorate boxes, chests, and furniture.

The first thing that you need to do with this one is to choose a pattern to start chip carving. One of the easiest ways to do it is to find a design online. You can then place the design over the material and carve over it.

Image credit: The Woodcarver’s Cabin

Step #4

Once you are able to perfect the basics of wood carving then anyone with an advanced skill can already make their craft into an art. You need to remember though that doing things right will take time, patience, technique and the proper tools.

Image credit: The Woodcarver’s Cabin

What is intermediate wood carving by hand?

There are many different projects that one can choose to do once they will learn the basics of wood carving. Some projects that you can have may take some time while others can also be done in a short period of time.

When opting for wood carving by hand then you need to know where your talent and interest falls. This will help you focus on it more and improve and even perfect the basic wood carving techniques that you have.


Some people do consider wood carving only as a mere hobby. For those that are passionate about it considered it as an art and a form and a way for them to show their talents in carving. If you are interested in wood carving then learn the basics first and see where your talents will take you.

It is important that you prepare all the items needed before you start carving wood by hand. You also need to make sure that you consider safety all the time.

How To Attach Wood To Metal

In any project, a builder will always encounter attaching a wood to metal or vice versa. That is why we have decided to write an article about how to attach wood to metal. This is a step-by-step tutorial to help you make your wood project simple and easy.

Things You’ll Need

1) Screws

Screws are usually used to fasten wood piece to each other in indoor or outdoor structures. It is also possible to fasten wood to a metal structure using special screws that are intended to hold the wood and metal pieces together while preventing undue pressure. Generally, a washer should be used with the screw in order to preserve the wood.

1 a. Sheet Metal Screws

These screws fasten metal sheets to wood and other items. A socket hex head screwdriver is needed to fasten the wood piece to the metal piece. You can drill the sheet metal screw into the wood and metal using the socket bit on a drill. Drill at a maximum speed and use a screw that’s slightly longer than the width or thickness of the materials.

1 b. Lag Screws

These screws are used to fasten metal to wood and wood pieces together. You need to drill a pilot hole in the wood and metal before you place a washer on the top part of the hole and also before placing the lag screw through the metal, wood, and washer. The use of a washer reduces the pressure on the wood to prevent cracking or breaking.

2) Screwdriver (Socket Hex Head)

3) Roundhead Bumper Bolts

These roundhead bumper bolts provide wood extra support. Roundhead bumper bolts are used to fasten to metal. These roundhead bumper bolts need a washer-like lag screw. You need to drill all the way through the wood and metal to be able to use this bolt. Adding preservative to the hole before you attach the bolt and washer after you drill. Examine the bolts for tightness, and then retighten as needed at least once a year.

4) Washer

5) Spade Drill Bit

How to Attach Wood to a Metal Frame

Framing a building with steel or wood is not an easy task. It usually takes skilled laborers to get the task done with quality and precision. Whether you are fastening a metal door frame to a wooden wall or you’re attaching wood to a steel beam support, attaching the wood to a metal framed building is a simple process with the appropriate tools.

Step #1: Bolt the wood to the metal frame by pre-cutting holes so the bolts fit through.

Drilling the guide holes is done to slide the bolts on the wood into the metal frame. You can use bolts that are made specifically to screw wood to metal or steel if you’re attaching a wood flush. Bolts need to be threaded completely.

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Step #2: The guide holes should be countersunk at 1/4 inch using a spade drill bit.

Place the washer in the countersink and the bolt is placed into the hole.

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Step #3: The next step is placing a nut on the bolt’s protruding side and fasten it into place using an appropriate wrench. Place the lock nut into the bolt to securely tighten it into place.

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How to Fix Metal to Wood Using Glue

Step #1: The wood and metal surfaces should be dry, clean, and dust-free.

Remove all traces of rust, grease, paint, and rust.

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Step #2: Cutting the tips off both the end of nozzles should be done next.

Dispense the hardener and the resin equally onto a disposable and clean surface like cardboard and mix with a stick or nail. Use the mixed glue within 2 to 3 minutes.

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Step #3: Apply the glue mix on both surfaces and then press together.

No need to clamp. Do not strain the bond for at a minimum of 30 minutes. In 16 hours, it will gain its maximum strength.

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Step #4: Scraping off excess adhesive and wiping mixing utensils using a tissue dipped in a nail polish remover and replacing the cap are the next steps.

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Attaching wood to metal is possible through lag screws or sheet metal screws. We have learned that attaching wood to a framed building can be easy with the appropriate tools and basic skills. We appreciate you liking and sharing this article as well as leaving a comment below. Good luck with your next wood project!

How to Cure Wood

To ready wood for any building or constructing a project, it needs to be thoroughly cured. Wood is versatile, strong and very resilient, but it cannot retain these properties unless it has been prepared. Curing, drying or seasoning, this will ensure that wood will remain perfect for years to come.

Wood curing techniques

“Curing wood” is the process of drying wood to remove moisture. A tree is naturally full of moisture in the form of water and sap. These should be removed from wood to make sure that it is suitable as a building material and as fuel. There are several wood curing techniques; however, this guide only covers the air drying method.

There are many ways to cure or dry wood. Air drying is the cheapest and easiest way to cure lumber, however, this might take you a year to completely dry wood especially hardwood.

Another method of curing wood is using a kiln. A kiln is a kind of furnace that will dry wood by exposing it to high-temperature air. Kiln drying is a faster way to dry wood and this is mostly used by contractors and suppliers.

Things you will need

  • Wooden logs (freshly cut, green wood)
  • Stickers
  • Kiln (optional)

How to cure wood

These are the steps to air dry wood presuming that you are drying at home using a simple air drying process.

Step #1

Place logs on the ground in the 8-ft long pattern. The base logs should be the same species of wood that you are curing. The stacks should be about 3′ to 4′ apart so you can easily pick these up later.


Step #2

Put freshly cut lumber on the logs to avoid touching the ground.


Step #3

Layer the logs and place stickers between each layer.

Stack lumber up to shoulder level. Don’t go so high that stacking or unstacking becomes too hard for you.


Step #4

Let wood remain in the open air and sun. Complete drying can take several months.


Step #5

Use a moisture meter to determine the amount of moisture in your wood.

Record the moisture reading daily and check an online moisture chart. Each species has a different moisture level for building and for firewood.


Some important tips

Properly store your cured wood

Once the wood is properly dried place your newly cured logs in well a ventilated area. This can be in a ventilated barn where it can remain dry until you use it. You must not let wood near any area where there is moisture or an area where it’s constantly wet.

This is because the wood will reabsorb moisture which makes wood harder to work with again. Moisture can also make the wood warped or moldy. This type of wood is terribly bad for construction and for building furniture.

Visit your local sawmill

If you have no space for air curing wood or you just can’t manage air curing then you might be better off with curing wood using a kiln. It’s impossible to have a kiln or to construct your own kiln at home so buying kiln-dried wood from a distributor or supplier is a good option.

A sawmill in your area is a good place to buy kiln-dried wood. Take note that kiln-dried wood is more expensive than air-dried wood or green wood.

Collect stickers

Stickers are very small pieces of wood that are placed between layers of stacked wood. Stickers let air flow in between each stick of wood thus making wood dry faster. Remember stickers need to be the same wood type you are curing.

Stickers are simple 1×1 pieces of wood. You must have a lot of stickers to place in between each wood as much as possible. Each type of lumber has its specific drying or curing time. You need to take note of this as you cure your wood.

Seasoning firewood

The wood used for firewood should be thoroughly cured or seasoned to burn hotter, brighter and more efficiently. Seasoning firewood helps prevent the creation of thick, unhealthy smoke that can accumulate inside your home. It also prevents thick ash and creosote that will only block your chimney or wood burning stove flue.


Curing wood is drying wood to remove moisture completely. This process readies wood for construction and for heating purposes. It can take months to years to cure different types of wood. You can cure wood by air drying or by using a kiln.

How To Decorate Around Wood Paneling

Wood paneling can make or break the entire interior of a room. However, if you know how to decorate around wood paneling, you can add a one-of-a-kind appeal which will certainly amaze your guests and help you enjoy the aesthetics of your home.

And while there are limitless options on choosing a wonderful decoration style to accentuate the beauty of wood paneling, we’re focusing on our team’s top choice for the month – a multifunctional ladder decor.

Did we manage to grab your attention? Keep reading and we bet our easy-peasy tutorial will inspire you to get down to work asap!

What You Will Need To Follow This Tutorial

  • A wooden ladder (or several wooden ladders of different size – optional)
  • String Lamps (optional)
  • Acrylic paint (optional)
  • Gel stain (optional)
  • Polyurethane (optional)

A Quick Pro Tip

If you get bored with the wooden ladder decoration, you can easily repurpose it at any time. It makes an excellent space-saving alternative for hanging clothes in the bedroom (especially the outfits you have put on just once and then start wondering where to place these away from the clean clothes in the closet but also away from the laundry basket).

If you want a thrifty version of the wooden ladder decoration, you can also make the ladder yourself.

Step By Step Instructions: Decorating Around Wood Paneling

Step 1 – Clean and prep the ladder

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If you are using an old ladder you want to make sure you clean the surface well. In the case the ladder needs refreshment due to aging, you may need to sand it carefully with sandpaper and repaint it.

Acrylic paint can work fantastic and you can choose any color which matches your taste and makes the ladder stand out. On the other hand, you can also stick to a more rustic, classic looks and opt for gel stain instead.

Polyurethane will help to protect the wood surface and add a shiny touch.

Step 2 – Decorate and place the wood ladder

You can decorate the wood ladder by placing string lamps.

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Think out-of-the-box and you can’t go wrong! You can also decorate the ladder by hanging dried fruit or any ornaments of your choice. Depending on the type of ladder you choose, you can add live plants, too.

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Hang the ladder or simply let it lead towards the walls if you wish to avoid installing it permanently.

Do you think our tutorial which focuses on how to decorate around wood paneling was helpful? If so, then we would love to feel your support. Like or share this article to help us bring inspiration to more people.

We’d be happy to hear more from you, too. Do you have other tricks or personal experience with decorating around wood paneling you wish to share? What about those tiny tips you’re hiding in your sleeve? Join us in the comment section below and let the DIY ideas exchange begin.

How to Dry Wood in an Oven

Do you know that the common kitchen oven may be used to dry small pieces of wood?

A traditional oven will be able to efficiently dry small pieces of wood for woodworking and for crafts. This is not an ideal way to dry wood but it can be a good alternative for a kiln or air drying if you need to use wood fast.

Drying times and kilns

It can take about a year for wood to completely dry which is why most woodworkers use the stacking method or air drying technique to achieve the best moisture levels.

As a general rule, you must allow at least one year of drying time per inch of wood thickness.

Therefore if you want to dry a large piece of lumber then you need to wait for a very long time. If you don’t have time to wait, then there are some easy and faster ways to completely dry wood.

A kiln is used to enhance the drying process. There are a variety of kilns used to dry lumber but these share a similar design. A kiln has a large insulated chamber to balance and control humidity, temperature, and airflow. This will safely and efficiently reduce moisture and dry wood quickly.

Kilns dry wood much more evenly, reducing any of moisture differences between the outer shell and the inner core of the wood. Thus, a kiln dries wood quickly and prevents the common drying defects associated with rapid and uneven drying like warping, splitting and cracking.

Using an oven to dry wood

Using a traditional oven is risky. The temperature regulation mechanism of a traditional oven may fail or may give inaccurate readings and this can drastically affect the way your wood is seasoned.

However, if you are just drying small pieces of wood then, it could be an alternative for you. Here are the steps to do it.

Things you will need

  • Traditional kitchen oven
  • Oven thermometer
  • Microwave (optional)
  • Oven toaster (optional)


Step #1

Arrange the racks in your kitchen oven so that one is at the bottom and the other is in the center of the oven. The size of wood that you will dry should be large enough to fit freely inside the oven without touching the walls and touching other pieces of wood.


Step #2

Put an oven thermometer on the far right corner of the center rack. Place a large sheet pan on the bottom oven rack to catch any drippings or bits of wood that may fall off.

Now set the temperature of the oven. It should be as close to 218 degrees Fahrenheit as possible.


Step #3

Power on the convection fan in your oven. This will circulate the air freely inside the oven chamber. Check the oven thermometer after 15 minutes have passed. You must adjust the oven settings until the internal temperature is between 210 and 225 degrees Fahrenheit.


Step #4

Load the wood on the center rack so no two are touching. Place the smaller pieces carefully so that these do not fall through. Dry the wood in about an hour.


Step #5

Check the internal temperature using a moisture meter. Do this with two different pieces of wood from the oven. Place the wood back in the oven if the desired moisture-level percentage has not been reached. Dry the wood 15 minutes between each retest.


Step #6

Put the wood on a wire cooling rack in a dry room when these are ready.


Using other home-based methods

As interesting as it may sounds, there are other household appliances that can be used to dry wood. The microwave is one; it can dry wood faster than any conventional oven but you need to maintain internal temperature at all times.

You can use a conventional toaster or oven toaster. But again, it might be difficult to maintain temperature using these methods. Also if you want to consider these methods, use a second hand or old microwave oven or toaster.

The tannins and other chemicals in the wood will make conventional ovens unusable.


Drying wood is important in woodworking, crafts, and firewood. Dry wood makes excellent building and heating material but you cannot rush drying. Therefore, you must only use a conventional oven and other kitchen appliance as your last resort.

How to Carve a Face In Wood

One of the most enjoyable past time that a carver can have is to carve faces on wood. You need to have the right skill and experience through to be able to do it correctly.

For beginners, they can start working their skills from a block of wood. They just need to be patient about it and eventually, they will get used to it.

It is considered as a time-honored tradition when it comes to carving face on wood. If you are interested though in carving faces on wood then you will need to read on this article as that is what we will be talking about.

Materials needed

  • Pencil
  • A piece of paper
  • V-gouge carving tool
  • U-gouge carving tool
  • Bench knife or pen knife
  • Wood stain or lacquer

Steps in carving faces in wood

Step #1

The very first thing that you need to do is to draw your design using a pencil and a piece of paper. If you are just starting out then chasing a softwood can greatly help.

You can choose from either butternut, basswood or other types of softwood that you can find. Once you have already chosen the wood then you will need to draw the face into the flat plain of the wood block.

You can start carving your wedge shaped cust by using a v-gouge carving tool. This will help you establish the planes of the face. You now need to cut a wedge at the halfway point of the blank to create the bulge of the nose.

Carve another three-quarter of the way done to create the bottom of the nose. Just below that one, you need to carve a wedge for the mouth and chin.

Image credit: Alberto Linero

Step #2

By using a large u-gouge then you will need to cut away the excess areas of the wood around the nose. In order for the flat forehead plane to slope back to the wood then you will need to carve on it as well. You need to carve parallel to the wood grain to avoid any chipping of the material.

In order to smooth away the jagged edges when carving across or against the wood grain then you will need to do two cuts from the opposite direction. You will need to keep carving using the larger tools that you have to define the basic features of the face.

Image credit: eHow

Step #3

Once you are done carving the main features of the face, then start doing the finer details. You can do this by using a bench knife. This is also called as a detail knife or a straight knife. A pen knife can also get the job done.

In order to give you a guided then you can use a pencil to draw the details of the face. Start carving the brows and the cheekbones. Make sure that they will be curving awards.

The next thing to do is to sculpt the eyeballs and the cut the eyelids next. You need to make sure that you will be doing gentle cuts for the upper eyelids. You need to do this from the edge of the nose so that it will taper at the top.

Step #4

You now need to cut the eyes pupils by using a small u-gouge. You can also choose to add details like skin wrinkles, and facial hair. Do this with the help of a bench knife or a v-gouge.

Make sure that the eyes should have the most recessed point and the tip of the nose is the highest one. It is also important to work on the details of the mouth and nostrils.

See to it that you will carve the indentation below the lips and the cheek dimples as well.

Image credit: The Woodworkers Institute

Step #5

Once you are done with the details then, dealing with the finer details is what you should be doing next. You now need to use the smallest gouges and the bench knife that you have to do a better job.

You can add furrows on the forehead as well as crow feet around the corners of the eyes. Use the v-gouge that you have to cut away the details of the hair until it will be flowing naturally on a visual point.

Always make sure that the chin and nose are tapered correctly. You can do this by viewing the face in all angles. Once you are able to give your work a personality then you can stop carving. Once all of these things are done, finish it off with a wood stain or lacquer or you can just leave it as is.

Image credit: YouTube


Carving faces on wood might seem to be an advance woodcarving skill. For individuals that aspire to create these things though, you can definitely do it. All you have to do is to have the right tools and patience and you will be carving your one face on wood in no time.

How To Decorate Wood Paneling Without Painting

The wonderful tutorial we are revealing below can put an end to your struggles wondering how to decorate wood paneling without painting.

While there are many ways to succeed on this mission, we decided to show you an out-of-the-box, crafty and funny way to decorate the old-dated wood paneling and bring some character and freshness in the interior of any room in your house.

Before you get started, take a look at the list of tools and materials you want to get equipped with. Lastly, don’t be afraid to experiment as these instructions can be easily customized to achieve various designs.

What You Will Need To Follow This Tutorial

  • A wood pallet
  • A pencil
  • A jigsaw
  • Printer Paper
  • Acrylic paint
  • Paintbrush
  • Adhesive tape
  • Spray paint
  • Sandpaper
  • A washcloth
  • Nails
  • A nail gun

We promised to show you a decoration style with no painting over the wood paneling, and we will keep it that way! However, you will need paint to make your decoration truly stand out.

Pro Tips

Tip #1 – Always take the time to clean the wood pallet carefully

Some wood pallets are treated with toxic substances. That means you want to wash out any reminiscent from the surface of the wood pallet with soap and water. After the pallet is dry, you are ready to get down to work!

Tip #2 – Give your wood pallet decoration a rustic appeal

Painting the wood pallet is easy, although you must keep in mind that different pallets will suck up a different amount of paint. However, you can go even further with your wood pallet craft by applying a technique for a weathered look. One of these techniques is whitewashing the pallet.

Step By Step Instructions: Decorating Wood Paneling (Without Painting)

Step 1 – Choose a template and prepare the wood pallet

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You can choose whatever template you prefer after browsing the web for inspiration. Afterward, all you have to do is to print out the desired template. Before you start working on the design, you want to sand out the surface of the clean pallet carefully. Opt for fine-grit sandpaper because you only need to go through the surface of the wood gently.

Step 2 – Cut the wood pallet using a jigsaw

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Once your template is ready, cut it out and place it over the wood pallet. Next, using a jigsaw, you can start cutting the wood surface by matching the design of the template. A cordless jigsaw will work best but a regular one will do just fine, too. Don’t forget to protect your eyes and hands by using gloves and safety glasses for woodworking.

Step 3 – Paint and install your masterpiece

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Great job! It’s time for the fun part. You can decorate the wood pallet sign in as many ways as your imagination goes. Are you a fan of vibrant, colorful decorations? Or maybe you prefer more of a natural look when it comes to accentuating a wood surface? The choice is entirely in your hands.

For a more playful design, you can try out paint spraying various shapes and patterns on the main layer of paint or stain. Simply place a template, secure it with adhesive tape, and spray generously.

Finally, attach your amazing pallet creation over the wood paneling with the use of nails and a nail gun.

What do you think about the DIY tutorial on decorating wood paneling? Did you find our set of instructions and tips useful? If so, you can help us spread the word for easy wood paneling decorations without the need for painting by sharing and liking this article.

Don’t hesitate to join us in the comment section below, too! Whether it comes to extra ideas or some personal tricks you find useful – you can help other fellows who enjoy the art of DIY to brighten up the old wood paneling without breaking the piggy bank.

How To Age Wood Grey

Have you ever wondered how to age wood grey and give just about any wood surface that weathered look with a cute shabby chic accent?

Of course, you can always opt for readily available stains and paints.

However, you can also achieve the desired effect for cheap without any fancy instruments or products involved.

In fact, you can turn wood into stunning, rustic shades of grey with common household materials you most probably already keep handy in your home.

The real question is how to get that aged, grey appearance on wood in the easiest and most effective way possible. And we are here to help with some practical tips and self-tested techniques to make your mission as a DIYer a pure joy.

Let’s dive in!

What You Will Need To Follow This Tutorial

  • White Vinegar
  • Water
  • Steel wool
  • A Jar
  • A Paintbrush

Even though the process of turning wood grey is fairly simple, there are certain tricks which will help you a lot on that note.

Pro Tips

1 – Choose the right type of wood

Much like the process of getting that aged, weathered look by applying baking soda and vinegar, the overall effect will highly depend on the type of wood you choose. For example, basswood and balsa can range from grey to dark brown while oak will turn black.

Personally, my favorite type of wood to age into gray nuances is cedar. However, pine wood also works wonderfully.

The best way to determine whether you like the effect on the particular wood you are experimenting with is to test the solution on a small piece of scrap wood before you proceed with covering the entire piece.

2 – The rougher the wood, the better

Roughness also plays a crucial role when it comes to aging wood grey. As a rule of thumbs, keep in mind that rough wood has the ability to absorb the solution better.

3 – Non-galvanized nails can substitute steel wool

If you happen to have a few non-galvanized nails available, you don’t have to buy steel wool. The nails can work just fine for the purpose of aging the wood grey, too.

Now that you are equipped with our pro tips, it’s time to get to the fun part!

Step By Step Guide To Aging Wood Grey

Step 1 – Prepare the Iron-Vinegar solution

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Fill a clean jar with white vinegar. Place the steel wool (or the non-galvanized nails) in the jar, making sure that the vinegar reaches about a finger over the wool/nails. Let the mixture rest aside for a few hours and up to a few days. The longer you let the process of dissolving continue, the darker effect you will get once you finish the wood aging process.

Step 2 – Start experimenting with the Iron-Vinegar mixture

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Above all, remember that in order to turn wood grey, you will want to experiment. Doing so will allow you to get the exact shade of grey you are aiming for.

For this purpose, once several hours have passed after letting the steel wool dissolved in vinegar, try brushing some of the solutions on a scrap piece of wood. Set it aside for half an hour and check out if you like the effect. In the case the color is still too light for your personal preferences, try again later.

You can also try another tiny trick if you wish to achieve a darker tone. Just boil 2 cups of water and add 2 bags of Black tea. Set these aside for 5 minutes. Next, brush the tea water on the board. Allow it to dry and continue with applying the vinegar & iron solution.

Isn’t it fascinating to explore the world of DIY crafts without having to spend a dime on store-bought products? Okay, you got me on this one; I am a thrifty chic all the way down to my bones. Anyways, I must admit that when it comes to aging wood grey, you may sometimes need to opt for a simple acrylic paint to achieve the effect you wish.

After all, there’s nothing bad about being picky at times to get the very specific final result you want. Did you like this article? Join us in the comment section below. Don’t forget to share the good vibes with other DIYers out there. We do believe that those who care share!

How To Clean Reclaimed Wood

In our time today, you are able to see more and more people going green. This is the reason why many individuals are now also opting to use reclaimed wood in the projects that they have. You are able to find different reclaimed wood or lumber on the internet or you can also find them in woodworking supply stores.

Once you choose to work with reclaimed wood then they are the ones that have a certain charm to them. But you also have to know that they may also need some cleaning. Once you are able to get your hands on reclaimed wood then you will have a chance to clean it yourself without any trouble.

If you want to know how to get it done then read on this article and find out.

Materials needed

  • Pliers or pry bar to remove remaining nails or metals
  • Safety mask to avoid inhaling any particles
  • Scrubbing brush to initially remove dirt and other particles
  • Power spray to thoroughly clean wood

Although it is not considered to be a material or a tool, you always want to work on a sunny day to make the drying process faster.

The steps to clean reclaimed wood

Step #1

The first thing that you need to do is to gather your reclaimed wood and place it on a pair or sawhorse. You need to do a visual check up and see if there are any tacks or nails in the wood that you are working on. If you leave these things behind then it will just damage the cleaning tools that you will use.

You can also opt to use a metal detector to determine any hard see nail or tack. If you are able to find some, mark them with a marker for easy identification. You can use a pair of pliers or a pry bar you remove these materials.

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Step #2

In order to remove as much debris and dirt as possible then you can do it using a stiff scrub brush. Scrub each board thoroughly. You also have to see to it that you will be wearing a mask while claiming the wood.

Many of these reclaimed wood can come from old barns which can harbor old debris which may be harmful to breathe. Scrubbing the wood will also help you remove any existing paint on the wood.

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Step #3

The next thing that you need to do is to spray the boards with a power sprayer with a fan tip. You don’t want to use a fine tip since it may damage the wood. You need to make sure that you will be working around 12-inch further from the wood.

This will prevent any damage that might happen to the material. Wash every side of the wood to remove any dirt and debris on them. If there are any remaining old paint in the wood then the power sprayer can help remove them.

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Step #4

Once you are done, it is now time to dry the wood. You can place them under the sun to dry. In order of any wood to dry then it will only take 2-6 hours to dry it completely. The amount of sun and heat will be the basis of the amount of time for your wood to dry.

You need to remember not to allow too much drying on your reclaimed wood. The harsh heat from the sun will bake your wood and might cause warping. You can check the dryness once you will check the color. The lighter the color of the wood, the dryer they already are. The dark ones are the ones that are still wet.

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Step #5

Once your boards have already dried, stack them inside the house. Make sure that the environment is clean and dry. You can do this until the time that you will already use them for your project. When stacking them ion your garage for example. Keep the board or lumber away from the floor.

You can use concrete blocks to do so. Concrete foundations have the tendency to sweet and might cause dampness to your wood. This will, in turn, cause mold growth and you don’t want any of that on your reclaimed wood.

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Reclaimed wood can be a great touch in any home renovation or project that you have. They tend to give your house that distinct look. Making sure that you will clean them is also an important thing that you need to do.

Doing so will ensure that you will have a reclaimed wood that is not just clean but looks good as well. A clean reclaimed wood will be ready for any future projects that you have in mind.

How To Apply Gold Leaf To Wood

While there are so many different techniques you can apply in order to decorate wood, using gold leaf is an evergreen method which dates back to the ancient Egyptians. And indeed, the exquisiteness of the golden nuances can turn any humble DIY project into a masterpiece.

Fortunately, nowadays we can opt for synthetic gold leaf as the original gold leaf can get pretty expensive. However, the final effect remains quite the same.

Are you wondering how to apply gold leaf to wood the best way?

What are the tiny tips and tricks you need to keep in mind?

Below, you can find a short guide to learning the small secrets of using gold leaf on wood like a pro!

What You Will Need To Follow This Tutorial

  • A very soft brush
  • Gold leaf
  • Acrylic paint
  • Glue
  • Gesso or sealer
  • Sandpaper (fine-grade)

Quick Pro Tips

1 – When it comes to picking a suitable brush, it is best to opt for a natural bristle brush.

The softness of the bristles is incomparable to that of a synthetic brush. Thus, you can make gentler, smoother strokes and apply the gold leaf better on the wood surface. My personal favorite is a squirrel’s hairbrush.

2 – The acrylic paint you choose can come in just about any color.

However, keep in mind that shades of red, black, or yellow complement the golden nuances best. Nevertheless, you may also consider opting for silver or copper leaf.

Step By Step Guide To Applying Gold Leaf to a Wood Surface

Step 1 – Paint the wood

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For a start, you need to make sure the surface of the wood where you are about to apply gold leaf is smooth and clean. First off, you want to sand the wood well. Next, you can proceed with utilizing gesso or varnish. Wait until the surface is completely dry and sand the wood once again.

Once you have varnished and sanded out the surface of the wood, it’s time to apply a layer of acrylic paint. If you are in the mood for experimenting, you can try out adding a few colors instead of a single one. Allow the paint to dry.

Step 2 – Let the Gluing Begin!

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Before you proceed with applying the gold leaf to the painted wood, you need to coat the surface well with adhesive glue. For this purpose, you can opt for water based or oil based glue. The type of glue you will choose is simply a matter of personal preferences and does not affect the quality of the final result. You need to allow the glue to dry until it becomes sticky enough but not wet.

Step 3 – Place the gold leaf

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Applying the gold leaf can be tricky. That’s mostly because gold leaf is very lightweight and delicate. Even though this is a task which will require some of your attention and care, it is fairly effortless.

In the case you have difficulties transferring the gold leaf from the original package, you can dab a cotton pad in petroleum jelly. Doing so will help you lift the gold leaf and apply it to the tacky surface of the wood. Nevertheless, there is also a specific tool which is used to assist artists to transfer the gold leaf easier – a gilder’s tip brush.

Step 4 – Add the final touches

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All you have to do now is to focus on filling all the gaps on the wood surface which will make the gold leaf effect truly stunning. By using a very soft brush, you can imagine you are massaging the gold leaf to the wood by brushing it (or at least this is what I like to picture when working with gold leaf!). Finally, remove any excess gold lead, and apply the sealer (optional). Good job!

To me, experimenting with gold leaf decorations on wood is a small celebration for the senses. This is one of the ways I like to relax after a long day. I believe the process of applying gold leaf to wood serves as a mini-meditation for my mind. It is easy, fun, and rewarding.

What do you think? Have you tried surprising a friend with a DIY gold leaf gift? Do you want to share some of your insights? Like, share, and join us in the comment section below!

How To Decorate A Living Room With Wood Paneling

Nowadays, there are multiple stunning alternatives to the outdated 70s style wood paneling. Fortunately, even if you are feeling annoyed by the wood paneling in your living room, you can easily change the entire atmosphere with some simple interior decorations.

Nevertheless, those of you who do enjoy the wood paneling in their homes can also benefit from the tutorial we are listing below. After all, who doesn’t appreciate a healthy gulp of inspiration?

What You Will Need To Follow This Tutorial

  • Cushions
  • Rugs
  • Flower Vases
  • Sculptures
  • Eye-catching art

A Quick Pro Tip

You don’t need to use all of the items we have just listed above in order to decorate your living room.

The goal is to accentuate on something which will drive the attention away from the wood paneling itself or it will complement the looks of the wood paneling to match your unique style.

Plus, we’ll give you some extra tips on how to create some of these items by yourself.

Step By Step Instructions For Decorating A Living Room With Wood Paneling

Step 1 – Cushions and rugs

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Something as simple as throwing a few fancy cushions and/or a rug (or several rugs) with an attitude can change the interior design of your living room completely.

When choosing pillow cases, go for colors which add vibrancy. Suitable color combinations you can consider include:

  • Avocado green + Deep purple
  • Navy blue + Apple green
  • Lemon + Raspberry red
  • Blackcurrant + Silver gray
  • Black + White (a cult classic!)

Stay away from brown nuances as these will fail to stand out. Who says you can place pillows only on the sofa or the couch? Floor pillows are the new gig.

Plus, you can hardly get bored with the interior since pillowcases are easy to change whenever you feel like it.

You can hang rugs on the walls or position these on the floor. You don’t need full-sizes rags but only small to medium-sized ones.

Step 2 – Vases and Sculptures

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Both vases and sculptures can liven up the room amazingly. Instead of filling the vases with flowers which you will need to change regularly, think out-of-the-box and try assembling a miniature forest in a vase.

For this purpose, you want to fill a big vase with old branches. Add character to the branches by coloring these or by applying aging techniques. You can also hang various decorations on the branches. For example, string LED lights work fantastic.

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Much like with cushions and rags, vases and sculptures can draw most (if not all) of the attention towards themselves rather than to the wood paneling.

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Pick a theme which matches all the items instead of causing a mess.

Step 3 – Hanging art

Image Credit: [African themed living room with multiple sculptures]

When we mention the term hanging art, we mean a very wide category of items which can be placed over the walls and complement wood paneling in the best way. What’s more, hanging art allows you to put your artistic flair on a plate.

For instance, totems and/or abstract pictures can add an exotic touch to the living room.

On another note, the increasingly popular pop-up art can truly invigorate the living room with colorfulness and playfulness.

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If you’re looking for something eye-grabbing you can do yourself, try creating hanging wall art out of old tyres.

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Wood paneling can work in your favor as long as you are not afraid to experiment. In fact, the opposition of classic wood paneling and modern, abstract art and/or items can be simply mesmerizing. Nevertheless, futuristic wood paneling installations give you all the freedom to turn a living room into a masterpiece.

What do you think about the simple ideas we shared above? Did we manage to help you out on brainstorming how to decorate a living room with wood paneling? Let us know in the comment section below!

If you want to read more articles like this, we’d love to have your support! Like and share this piece to help inspire more of our fellows DIYers and the aficionados of interior design to have some fun while decorating.

How To Cover Wood Paneling Without Painting

So many people have outlived the wood paneling which was the trademark of the 70s. And no matter how hard you try to make the interior of a room look fresh and modern, wood paneling may keep tearing your heart apart. Does this start to sound like you?

But when you start searching for tutorials, you stumble across the same information spinning around: paint over wood paneling; redecorate the rooms by accentuating on modern features and eye-catching designs; huh? Enough!

Below, we are sharing the easiest step-by-step guide which will help you learn how to cover wood paneling without painting like a real pro! Already excited? Great, because so are we!

What You Will Need To Follow This Tutorial

The Modern Version

  • Paintable wallpaper or 3D Wall Panels
  • Adhesive glue and/or a hot glue gun
  • Tape measure
  • Pencil
  • Level
  • Large, sharp pair of scissors

The Rustic Version

  • Logs
  • Adhesive glue
  • Electric sander
  • Gel stain
  • Polyurethane (optional)
  • Table saw

Pro Tips

When working with paintable wallpaper, it’s best to have a partner who can help you out during the installation. It can be tricky because of the wide sheets which need to stick to the surface of the wood paneling without becoming bumpy or curvy.

3D wall panels will change the interior of any room and erase all traces of the old wood paneling with 100% efficiency. However, you’d better prepare for some hard work because adjusting the panels perfectly might get exhausting and time-consuming.

Step By Step Instructions To Covering Wood Paneling Without Painting

The Modern Version

Step 1 – Always start with measuring the walls precisely

Before you pick the paintable wallpaper or 3D wall panels, you need to know the measurements of the wall you are about to cover. Make sure to calculate the dimensions very carefully to avoid issues.

Nevertheless, it’s always a wise idea to order an average of 10% more as opposed to strictly sticking to the measurements. After all, the final results will be worth the extra investment!

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Step 2 – Proceed with the installation process

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All you have to do next is to install the 3D wall panels or the paintable wallpaper by using adhesive glue or a hot glue gun. A hot glue gun can work excellently when it comes to 3D wall panels although adhesive glue can also do a decent job. However, opting for a hot glue gun is NOT a good idea when you are dealing with printable wallpaper.

You may need to cut excess parts of the covering materials as to match some temperamental curves on wood paneling. Don’t be afraid of some possible mistakes. Work with large and sharp scissors. Think twice, cut once.

The Rustic Version

Step 1 – Prep and cut the logs

Gather all types of different wood logs and cut these into thin pieces on a miter saw. Sand of the surface of each piece of log carefully with an electric sander.

Go over each of the pieces with gel stain and let them dry out completely. You can finish with a coat of polyurethane to increase the logs’ durability and aesthetic appeal.

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Step 2 – Glue the logs to the wood paneling

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Start gluing the thin pieces of logs to the wood paneling, just as if you are painting a picture. Start with the bigger pieces and proceed with the smaller ones to fill in any gaps later on. Press each piece for a few seconds to make sure it will stick well.

Did somebody mention wood paneling + problems in the same sentence? We sure hope that once you have read this article you won’t have to associate wood paneling with any unpleasant issues or memories.

After all, isn’t it beautiful to live in the 21st century when the useful information you need is only a click away? Hooray for sharing! Did you have a good time? Will you try out the ideas we listed in this how to cover wood paneling without painting tutorial?

We’d love to hear more from you in the comment section below. Like and share this article to help us reach more people with a healthy dose of inspiration and easy-to-grasp instructions.

How to Darken Wood without Stain

Rich, dark and luxurious wooden furniture, antique pieces and high-end furniture pieces; these were possibly stained using time-tested techniques. Wood stain does not just change the color of wood, but it also helps protect the surface from marks, scratches and water damage.

Wood stain also highlights the lovely natural grain of the wood. Without wood stain, furniture pieces will look dull and lifeless.

But do you know that y you can darken wood without using commercially-prepared stains?

Staining wood the natural way

Commercially-prepared stains are costly and some may even contain harmful ingredients that will only harm your lovely wooden furniture pieces.

This guide will show you how to make wood stain made from all-natural household materials. Not only are these very effective in staining wood but are easy to use and are very affordable.

These don’t contain solvents and VOCs so these are perfectly safe for wood, people, kids, and pets.

The science behind natural wood stain techniques

Why does wood change color when exposed to stains? This is the science behind staining. Iron pieces dissolve in the vinegar (acetic acid) and create a soluble substance (iron acetate). When this is applied to wood, the iron acetate reacts with the natural tannins found in wood and this creates various shades of dark colors like brown, grey and black. It is more than just a physical change in wood. Staining is a chemical reaction which is not just durable indoors but also outdoors.

Therefore other materials can be used to stain wood. You may have heard coffee stain, tea stain or even beet juice stain which are terms used in natural staining.

However, the problem with these natural stains is that these immediately fade in time as the wood is exposed to sunlight. This guide uses basic techniques using the reaction of the acid with metal.

You may use any of the following combinations

  • 1/2 cup of white vinegar and a steel wool pad
  • 1 1/2 cup of balsamic vinegar and a steel wool pad
  • 1 1/2 cup of apple cider vinegar and a steel wool pad
  • 1 1/2 cup of white vinegar and rusty nails

Additional things that you will need

  • Glass jar with lid
  • Paintbrush
  • Clean Rag


Step #1

Start making the stain. Place a super fine steel wool pad or rusty nails in a clean and dry jar.

Pour enough vinegar or apple cider to cover the steel wool pad or the rusty nails.

Loosely put the lid on the jar to allow for air exchange when the chemical reaction is happening.

Take note that if the pad is not totally submerged, rust will quickly form on the portion exposed to air which is ok.


Step #2

Wait until twenty-four hours. Remove the solution by pouring this into another jar, or take the steel wool out of the jars to stop the reaction.

You will notice that the steel wool pads have shrunk to about 1/2 the size. If you leave the pads soaked in vinegar for a longer time, you get a darker stain.

If you only soak this in half a day or less than 24 hours then you will produce a lighter stain.


Step #3

Brush the mixture on a piece of wood to test it. Let it completely dry for a day to see the effect. If you find that the stain is lighter, apply another one.

You can control how light or how dark the effect would be for as long as you wait for the stain to dry up before applying another coat.


Step #4

After testing the stain, you can now apply this to the wooden furniture you want to stain.

Apply stain when the weather is sunny so you can take out your furniture to dry completely.

Use a clean brush or a soft, dry and clean rag to apply the wood stain.


What’s the difference between the different ingredients (vinegar and apple cider)?

Actually, the stain color has nothing to do with the vinegar color.

Despite being dark in color, balsamic vinegar plus the steel wool will produce a lighter stain.

White vinegar plus steel wool seems to provide a darker stain over all other combinations.


You can darken wood without using commercial stains. You can use natural products like vinegar or apple cider with steel wool pads or rusty nails. A combination of any of these can create a strong, effective yet non-toxic stain that’s good for the environment.

How to Burn Designs Into Wood

Burning designs in wood is a great weekend project to indulge in. It is a unique way to turn ordinary wood into a work of art. Wood has a nice surface that you can work on. It is perfect for staining, painting, and sanding.

You can also burn it, or char it a little to create different designs, shapes, and figures. This guide will help you create designs on the surface of wood by burning.

Wood burning for art

It’s a guarantee that you will find a wood burning interesting. The steps we have here is for making different impressions on wood by burning using a wood burning pen. And since you will be working with heat, you need to be very careful. Wear protective gear and always work in an area where there is adequate ventilation.

Things you’ll need

  • Wood burning pen.
  • Assorted wood burning tips
  • Strop and aluminum oxide to clean the pen
  • Pliers
  • Clay pot or pen holder
  • Get a hold of some nice wood for the pyrography (pine, basswood, birch, ash or maple)
  • 320-grit sandpaper


Step #1

If this is your first time to make different designs on wood by burning, you may be more comfortable following a pattern. Create simple drawings on paper; use shapes and figures that have distinguishable forms and contours. Working on simple figures will help you perfect the craft. After successfully completing a few drawings and you have chosen the figure you want to draw, you may now etch this on wood by burning.


Step #2

Select wood that is flat, easy to work with and should be enough to accommodate the size of the figure or image you want to impress on wood.


Step #3

Sand the surface of the wood you will work on. Sand along the grain to prevent scratches and burrs which may affect your project. When you are done sanding, wipe the surface with a damp towel. This is better than a dry towel because it can pick up all the dust and residue that usually remains on the surface after sanding.


Step #4

Use the heat pen to draw your figure on wood. Don’t press too hard on wood with a pen because you don’t actually need to apply a lot of pressure to create an image.

Light strokes are better so you can guide the pen across the surface. Pressing into the surface or using a heavy stroke also increases the chance of burning wood. Keep in mind that the longer you let the pen stay in the area, the darker and deeper the image will be.


Step #5

After use, clean your heat pen tip with strop and aluminum oxide. Practice with different heat pen tips. These tips usually come with the product when you purchase it. You may need to loosen a screw at the tip of the heat pen to remove the current tip and replace it with a new one.


Transferring your designs on wood

There are different ways to transfer your design to the wood surface using burning. You can draw the image using freehand (using the heat pen as your “pen,” using graphite paper and using a transfer tip.

If you are an artist then you may find freestyling a better way to transfer image in wood. This may not be the easiest technique but it is the quickest plus will help you practice making different strokes as well.

Another technique is using graphite paper where you will draw an image on graphite paper and then this will be transferred to the surface instantly.

Finally, you can use a transfer tip or a flat tip that transfers the ink of a printed image on wood. Heat the transfer tip then brush the back of the paper where the ink is with the transfer tip. The image will be transferred to wood instantly. Afterwards, you may now check the design you have made.


You can burn images or designs on wood using a heat pen. This pen has special tips that can easily scorch the surface of the wood. There are many ways to transfer the images on wood as well. Choose one that works with your level of experience with this form of wood art.